train

train
v. & n.
—v.
1 a tr. (often foll. by to + infin.) teach (a person, animal, oneself, etc.) a specified skill esp. by practice (trained the dog to beg; was trained in midwifery). b intr. undergo this process (trained as a teacher).
2 tr. & intr. bring or come into a state of physical efficiency by exercise, diet, etc.; undergo physical exercise, esp. for a specific purpose (trained me for the high jump; the team trains every evening).
3 tr. cause (a plant) to grow in a required shape (trained the peach tree up the wall).
4 (usu. as trained adj.) make (the mind, eye, etc.) sharp or discerning as a result of instruction, practice, etc.
5 tr. (often foll. by on) point or aim (a gun, camera, etc.) at an object etc.
6 colloq. a intr. go by train. b tr. (foll. by it as object) make a journey by train (trained it to Aberdeen).
7 tr. (usu. foll. by away) archaic entice, lure.
—n.
1 a series of railway carriages or trucks drawn by an engine.
2 something dragged along behind or forming the back part of a dress, robe, etc. (wore a dress with a long train; the train of the peacock).
3 a succession or series of people, things, events, etc. (a long train of camels; interrupted my train of thought; a train of ideas).
4 a body of followers; a retinue (a train of admirers).
5 a succession of military vehicles etc., including artillery, supplies, etc. (baggage train).
6 a line of gunpowder etc. to fire an explosive charge.
7 a series of connected wheels or parts in machinery.
Phrases and idioms:
in train properly arranged or directed. in a person's train following behind a person. in the train of as a sequel of. train-bearer a person employed to hold up the train of a robe etc. train down train with exercise or diet to lower one's weight. train-ferry (pl. -ies) a ship that conveys a railway train across water. train-mile one mile travelled by one train, as a unit of traffic. train-spotter a person who collects locomotive numbers as a hobby. train-spotting this hobby.
Derivatives:
trainable adj. trainability n. trainee n. trainless adj.
Etymology: ME f. OF traiumlner, trahiner, ult. f. L trahere draw

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

Синонимы:

См. также в других словарях:

  • train n — train v …   English expressions

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  • Train — Train, n. [F. train, OF. tra[ i]n, trahin; cf. (for some of the senses) F. traine. See {Train}, v.] 1. That which draws along; especially, persuasion, artifice, or enticement; allurement. [Obs.] Now to my charms, and to my wily trains. Milton.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Train — Train, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Trained}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Training}.] [OF. trahiner, tra[ i]ner,F. tra[^i]ner, LL. trahinare, trainare, fr. L. trahere to draw. See {Trail}.] [1913 Webster] 1. To draw along; to trail; to drag. [1913 Webster] In… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • train — [trān] n. [ME traine < OFr trahin < trahiner, to draw on < VL * traginare < L trahere, to pull, DRAW] 1. something that hangs down and drags behind; specif., a) a part of a dress, skirt, etc. that trails b) the tail feathers of a bird …   English World dictionary

  • Train — 〈[ trɛ̃:] österr. a. [trɛ:n] m. 6〉 = Tross (1) [frz. <lat. trahere „ziehen, schleppen“] * * * Train   [trɛ̃; französisch, zu traîner »(nach)ziehen«] der, s/ s, Militärwesen: von Friedrich II …   Universal-Lexikon

  • train — ► VERB 1) teach (a person or animal) a particular skill or type of behaviour through regular practice and instruction. 2) be taught in such a way. 3) make or become physically fit through a course of exercise and diet. 4) (train on) point… …   English terms dictionary

  • Train — Train, v. i. 1. To be drilled in military exercises; to do duty in a military company. [1913 Webster] 2. To prepare by exercise, diet, instruction, etc., for any physical contest; as, to train for a boat race. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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